Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Fall 2015 Workshops
Library Open House
9/2 11am-2pm
Come and meet the staff of the Samuel C. Williams Library and learn about your library’s services and research tools!
  • Get a tour of the Leonardo da Vinci and F.W. Taylor Special Collections rooms (at 11:30 & 12:30) [have to check with LL about this first, I think the OH in general will come up in a lib meeting soon]
  • Tour the library for a look at the study space and new technology introduced over the summer
  • Learn more about ebooks, research databases, and the textbook reserve collection  
  • Library staff will be available to answer your questions.
All members of the Stevens community are welcome to stop by.  Refreshments will be served. We look forward to seeing you there!

Graduate Student Library Orientation (V/C)
9/3 2pm-3pm
An open session for graduate students to learn and ask questions about the tools and resources of Samuel C. Williams Library, and how they can be used in research at Stevens and beyond. Location: Library 204.

Scholarly Communication Series: Social Networking for Researchers (V)
9/16 2pm-3pm
It is important for new and established scholars to take full advantage of the networking and collaborative opportunities provided by online social networks. We will discuss ResearchGate, Academia.edu, and other platforms and resources to help you curate your online presence. Location: Library 204.

Scholarly Communication Series: Citation Management Tools (V)
9/30 2pm-3pm
Your bibliography begins as soon as you've cited an article, and assembling it is an ongoing part of your writing process. This session will cover the citation tools available to you, and how to make sure that your bibliography accurately reflects the work that went into it. Location: Library 204.

Google Master: Gain Research Power (R)
10/7 2pm-3pm
This session will show you how to discover the valuable resources available through Google's lesser-known research tools. Location: Library 204.

Graduate Student Thesis/Dissertation Workshop (L)
10/21 1pm-2pm
For graduate and doctoral students working on a thesis or dissertation, this workshop will provide details about formatting & submission requirements. Location: Library 204.
Thesis/Dissertation Copyright Workshop (V)
10/21 2pm-3pm
How do you incorporate your previously published articles into your thesis? Who owns the copyright to your paper? These questions and more will be answered at this workshop. Useful for those in the middle of the writing process as well as those just setting out. Location: Library 204.

[maybe call this like a Graduate/Doctoral Student Thesis & Dissertation Day or something catchier]

Undergraduate Student Senior Thesis/Report Workshop (L)
10/28 1pm-2pm
For seniors working on their senior thesis or report, this workshop will provide details about formatting & submission requirements. Location: Library 204.

Image Searching and Citation (R)
11/4 2pm-3pm
A research paper, presentation or poster looks extra special with nice graphics and photos. Luckily, the Internet has a plethora of images to save and use. But beware, visual media like words, carry copyright protections, sometimes specific instructions on use, and need to be cited. This workshop will introduce you to tools to find images on the Internet that are safe to use and how to cite them in your research. Location: Library 204.

Scholarly Communication Series: Open Access and Scholarly Communication
11/18 2pm-3pm

Scholarly communication refers to the many ways scholars communicate with each other, which include articles, conferences, blogs, Twitter, and much more. We'll discuss the latest news in scholarly publishing, open access, and other current events in the area of scholarly communication. Location: Library 204

Monday, October 5, 2015

Librarian's Favorite Books: Young Adult Action Series by Mary Ellen Valverde (mvalverd@stevens.edu)

As a librarian, one of the questions I get asked often is, “Do you get to read books all day?” Unfortunately, the answer is no, but after receiving the question a number of times, I thought I would write a post on what my favorite type of books are when I do get a chance to read during my personal time.

It may sound weird to some people but some of my favorite books are usually YA (young adult) action fiction - specifically any that have sequels, trilogies, or more. I can really get into these because I feel like I get to know the characters and stories if there are a number of books in the series.

Although nothing can surpass my undying love for Harry Potter, over the past few years I’ve been reading more action or adventure based teen fiction. My first foray into this type of book was The Hunger Games (which I’m sure many of you have read, seen the movies, or at least heard about). After reading The Hunger Games, I was surprised by how much I liked them and wanted to find more books like that series.

I know classes just started but if you find the time and enjoyed The Hunger Games, I thought you might like a few other recommendations for book series in the same genre. Here are some of my favorites:

Photo credit: en.wikipedia.org

Divergent - You may have heard of this series that is set in post-apocalyptic Chicago because they started making movies based on them but I really recommend reading the books. I actually love reading books and then going to see the movie… then complaining about the movie because the book was so much better. This series is my second favorite after The Hunger Games. For more info check out this summary.

Maze Runner - The first book in the series was especially good. I think I probably read it in one or two sittings because the premise was so different. A bunch of teen boys wake up with no memories and are trapped in a field surrounded by a maze from which they cannot escape.

The Testing - This series is about a post-war society that selects the best new graduates to become possible leaders of its slowly revitalizing civilization. All students want to be able to pass the test but they do not know the horrors in store for them if they are chosen.

The Looking Glass Wars -  The basic premise of the stories is that the books written by Lewis Carroll are a distortion of the “real story” of Alice (or in these books “Alyss”). It was very interesting especially because I read Lewis Carroll’s books as a child and was fascinated by all the characters. I think the author, Frank Beddor, does a good job re-imagining these characters.

When looking for books that could be in the same genre of books I have enjoyed in the past, I check out GoodReads for recommendations. On Amazon, I also use the “Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought” for other suggestions.

Two other YA series that I have heard good things about are The Daughter of Smoke and Bone and Legend if you’d like to check them out as well.

Have you read any of these series? Have any other recommendations for me?

Monday, September 21, 2015

Who is the link between Frederick W. Taylor and Batman?

by Scott Smith (scott.smith@stevens.edu)

Of the thousands of items in the Samuel C. Williams Library’s Frederick Winslow Taylor Collection, my hands-down favorite is the correspondence between Taylor and Scudder Klyce, whose 1921 book, Universe, influenced comic book writer Alan Grant’s creation of Anarky, an adversary of Batman.
Taylor and Klyce exchanged letters steadily between June 1911 and November 1914; however, the 65 pages of correspondence written between the two in June 1911, make for a fascinating look at both men’s views of scientific management as something more than a way of running a shop floor. Klyce’s first letter to Taylor, dated June 2, 1911, was written the same day that Klyce had attended a talk Taylor gave at the School of Marine Engineering in Philadelphia. Showing no lack of self-confidence, the 31-year-old Klyce, a Naval officer, began his letter, “Since hearing your talk this morning some comments have occurred to me which probably will be of interest to you, and which may be of value.” He then continued--for eight pages--to explain to Taylor why Taylor’s principles are correct and to outline his own theory of economics and the bonus system. The letter is a wonder of graphology: handwritten in ink, with words closely spaced; the lines slanting slightly up to the right. He concluded with, “This is all very condensed and I shall be glad to expand any of it which does not seem sufficiently proved,” followed by an offer to meet personally with Taylor to talk more. In short, it’s a letter that, not just by its content but also by its length, appearance, and the fact that it was written on the same day the writer had heard Taylor speak, hints at the personality behind the pen.
Taylor, because he had been traveling, didn’t receive the letter until June 6, when he promptly replied, “Your letter is intensely interesting to me, and I should especially appreciate the opportunity of making your acquaintance.” Klyce responded the same day, June 6, with a 12-page letter proclaiming scientific management as “the practical religion” that will, incidentally, “reform dogmatic science.” A few pages later, Klyce hints at his pursuit of the unifying philosophy that he will eventually describe in Universe:
I have been talking with a few scientists during the past week, as I have unified a few of their theories, and the narrowness of the scientist professor is pitiful; they define science as only that which can be put into a mathematical equation, and when I quoted experimental proof that the usual statement of the law of gravity was not absolutely accurate under any natural conditions and explained why, they could not controvert the proof but claimed that because the variation was so small that it could not be measured by science that it was not science.
And in a nine-page follow-up two days later to further outline his thinking on scientific management and religion, he writes:
Now, I have not written you the proof of this moral law; I have it poorly written down in about two hundred pages (emphasis mine), going at it from a scientific point of view. I haven’t found a scientist yet who would attack any part of this science, my statement of which is not conventional, and I have tried about a dozen.
Taylor’s subsequent responses to Klyce express appreciation for Klyce’s thinking about scientific management and encourage him to write up his ideas for publication in a national magazine, such as the Atlantic Monthly or the Century, with the suggestion that he “not go into such great detail that the ordinary readers will not have time to follow you.” In a 16-page letter written between June 14 and June 20, Klyce tells Taylor that he has started to write the article, and, in going over his ideas for the article he mentions his work on what will become Universe:
I know these various principles concerning scientific management because I have finished about the fourth or fifth revision of a book I am writing on handling men, which subject I have been studying systematically for some years…. This book first led me into a verbal statement of what all the vague mathematics of science really meant, and this led to a simple reduction of everything to terms of energy, whatever that may be--its nature is the unknown. I incidentally solved the Boyden problem--whether all rays of light travel with the same speed in space, the answer being no--for the Franklin Institute, and they are worrying over this solution; and I explained the mechanism of gravity, heat, light, and electricity, and the composition of matter, and eliminated the kinetic theory, and proved that the law of conservation of weight is wrong by experimentation and theoretical proof, and proved the total structure of the universe which I derived theoretically by the experimental evidence of star drift, and it can be understood by anyone; at least I think I have done this, and a number of scientists are trying to find out if I have….
He concludes this description with, “I am in a position to appreciate the value of your work, and I am very glad I can state some of the reasons fairly clearly. I can take the theory back just as far as anyone can follow, and then a little further--the limit is the unknown.”
Whether he was influenced by Klyce’s flattery--and Klyce claimed repeatedly that he didn’t intend to flatter--or whether he genuinely believed in Klyce’s work, Taylor encouraged Klyce. On June 26, he wrote a letter to Ray Stannard Baker, an influential journalist, in which he recommended Klyce as a writer, describing him as having, “remarkably sound ideas. He has analyzed our system in its philosophical relation much more thoroughly than anyone has done before. It seems to me that his analysis is sound.” That same day, he wrote to Klyce:
I have vaguely felt all along, when I was endeavoring to formulate the principles of scientific management, that I had not anywhere near “reached bottom,” and I feel now that your analytical mind and long years of honest thought in philosophical matters are just what is needed to tie up our practical results and the plain every-day formulae to the true fundamental theory.
There is room for any number of leaders in this movement, and after reading your letters with a great deal of care, it appears to me that you are just the man to lead in this more fundamental direction.
From this point, the correspondence between Klyce and Taylor focuses primarily on the article that Klyce is trying to write, with an eye on publishing it in the Atlantic Monthly magazine. In mid-July 1911, Klyce visited Taylor at Taylor’s mother-in-law’s home in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The two worked on revising the article, which Taylor described in a July 25 letter to Baker as being, “too deep for the every day reader.”
Klyce’s article was turned down by the Atlantic Monthly. In August, he suffered a nervous breakdown, and his wife, Etheldreda, revised the article, which was published under her name in the November 18, 1911, issue of The Outlook, a popular weekly magazine. Despite taking a leave of absence from his job and traveling to England to recover, Klyce was forced to retire from the Navy in 1912. He settled in Winchester, Massachusetts, where he continued to work on Universe and corresponded with many notable writers and philosophers of his time, including John Dewey and Upton Sinclair. Although Klyce and Taylor never met again after July 1911, they continued to write one another through 1914. These letters depict Klyce working on his book and expressing his continued praise for scientific management. Taylor died in March 1915. Six years later, Klyce published Universe, a book, he noted in the preface, that “unifies or qualitatively solves science, religion, and philosophy--basing everything on experimental, verifiable evidence.” He hadn’t forgotten Taylor, of whom he wrote:
Taylor’s doctrine of scientific management… is perhaps the most explicit and extensive advance in ethics or the science of living that has been made since Christ…. Taylor was a supremely great man. He was a democrat more beautifully balanced than Lincoln. (218)

Scudder Klyce was referenced as an influence to Batman nemesis, Anarky.

The legacy of Taylor will be explored this week at Stevens at the Taylor’s World Conference, held on campus, Thursday and Friday, September 24-25. If you would like to learn more about Taylor and his continued influence on modern life,  you may register to attend here: http://taylorsworld.org/.

Monday, September 14, 2015

Where Are You From? by Vicky Ludas Orlofsky (vorlofsk@stevens.edu)

To mark the beginning of the new school year, the Library debuted two maps at the Open House on September 2. One a world map and one a map of New Jersey, they have been on display since last week so members of the Stevens community can mark their home region. Both maps have been getting a lot of attention, so much so that we ran out of map pins and have been using thumbtacks!

Map - USA - Sep 10 2015
World map, closeup on North and South America. Map credit: Swiftmaps.com. Photo credit: Romel Espinel, Sept. 10, 2015.

It’s been fascinating to see where the Stevens community -- primarily students, but also staff and faculty -- come from. Given the popularity of Stevens among New Jersey residents, we knew we’d better include a map specifically of the Garden State, but it appears that next year, we should also include maps of China and India, as those countries are greatly represented by our graduate students.

Map - EUrope Asia - Sept 10 2015
World map, closeup on Asia. Map credit: Swiftmaps.com. Photo credit: Romel Espinel, Sept. 10, 2015.

Map - NJ closeup - Sept 10 2015
Map of New Jersey, closeup on Hoboken and surrounding areas. Map credit: Kappa Map Group. Photo credit: Romel Espinel, Sept. 10, 2015.

Have you stuck in a pin yet? Stop by and show everyone where you’re from! The maps will be on display through the month of September in the Great Hall.

The latest map as of Monday, September 14:

Map credit: Swiftmaps.com. Photo credit: Romel Espinel.

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Frederick Taylor, Father of Scientific Management, Class of 1883
by Margaret DiGerolamo

Frederick Winslow Taylor was an influential thinker of the early 20th century and credited as the father of  Scientific Management which contributed to a revolution in the way that the industrial world worked. He explored how to increase productivity by using workers’ time more efficiently. Instead of the old process of one worker taking on the production from raw materials to final product, he split up the work so that one worker would be in charge of one part of the process, and, in turn, the process would go much faster. While he could be persuasive, he also was very specific—to the point of stubbornness—about how others should follow his method and about what his ideas entailed. One example occurred at the Bethlehem Steel Company, where he co-created the Taylor-White Process, which created a harder, more effective tool. When the Committee of Science and Arts in the Franklin Institute was awarding Taylor with the Elliott Cresson Medal, Taylor felt compelled to send them a letter because the write-up for the award insinuated that his discovery may have been more of an accident than a calculated experiment. The letter requested that they correct their wording of that sentence (Taylor, 1902).  

Bethlehem Steel Company
This was a giant leap from the way that factories had been run, and trying to prove that this was the right way was a large challenge for Taylor. As a result, he was forced into a systematic process of disseminating these ideas. Part of this process included speeches about Scientific Management. Taylor would not speak on the terms of others. He would only agree to speak at a “considerable length, because a short address leaves people antagonistic instead of friendly towards Scientific Management” (Taylor, 1914). Taylor would not give talks unless allotted at least two hours.
Besides needing a lot of time to speak, Taylor was also very strategic when it came to his professional organizations in which he participated. Logically, Taylor started off in societies focused on mechanical engineering, and from there he extended his involvement into organizations that were further away from his original area of expertise. He moved from engineering societies to societies focused on a range of topics like education, philosophy and history. The chart below shows a record of the diversity of industries that Taylor was involved in. Over time Taylor shifted from just engineering and mechanics organizations to more broad industries (represented by the dark to light purple).
After establishing his concept of Scientific Management, Taylor wanted to spread his ideas and the best way to do that was to get involved in societies of varying disciplines.
Taylor saw the potential to apply his focus on efficiency from Scientific Management to many areas. In the education field, his associates collected data from different colleges to analyze the efficiency of different physics classes (Taylor, 1909). He was consulted on the best way to test cost versus effectiveness of classes. He took great interest in the U.S. Navy Yards, which became very controversial as he moved into government work (Taylor, 1909). The reach of Taylor’s ideas expanded to philosophy, history, and psychology. The American Philosophical Society asked Taylor to speak about Scientific Management and moving pictures (Keen, 1913), and he was also invited to join the Historical Society of Pennsylvania as he was considered a “most prominent citizen” (Keen, 1912). At one point the Society of Applied Psychology sent him a booklet entitled “Attainment of Mind Control” (The Applied Psychology, 1914). Scientific Management was a concept that crossed over many different fields of interest because at its core it was just about efficiency and people.
     Taylor also remained active in the broader field of engineering, especially through participation in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He believed that societies that were too specific were not as effective. For example, when he was approached by the American Society for Promoting Efficiency, he not only refused to be a part of the society, he did not want to be associated with the group at all (Taylor, 1911).
His method was challenged again when his colleagues decided that Scientific Management should have a society for its own. Taylor believed that the best forum for the continued expansion of Scientific Management was the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Other prominent figures in the field of Scientific Management disagreed. They believed that the American Society of Engineers “decided that the greater service would be rendered by emphasizing pure engineering, and consequently study and discussion of management found its opportunity restricted” (Brown, 1925). This group of men included James M. Dodge, Frank B. Gilbreth, Robert T. Kent, Conrad Lauer, Carl G. Barth, Morris L. Cooke and H. K. Hathaway. They began meeting regularly as the Society to Promote the Science of Management.
Taylor, on the other hand, wanted to focus on the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He believed that it would be more productive to convince this large group of individuals to follow the ways of Scientific Management than it would be to meet with people who are already advocates of the practice (Taylor, 1910). Taylor wanted nothing to do with the Society to Promote the Science of Management in the beginning. He refused to look through the constitution that Sanford E. Thompson sent him (Taylor, 1911). Taylor fought its formation and then refused to be associated with it, until it was pointed out that regardless of whether he joined or not, the fate of the society was connected to the fate of the concept of Scientific Management (Thompson, 1911). Therefore, he eventually had limited involvement and accepted an honorary membership in the society (Taylor 1914). This society is the explanation for the outlier of the dark purple box in the last box of the chart above, it was not part of his strategy.
Over the years, this story has become muddled. People often assume that Taylor was an advocate for this society, especially after it was renamed the Taylor Society posthumously. Some historians misinterpret his reluctant surrender as support, but Taylor was clear that he was not at all supportive. He only joined to defend his legacy.
In the end, Taylor’s overall strategy was still extremely successful. Through his lengthy speeches and the broad dissemination of ideas through various societies, Taylor laid a foundation that made Scientific Management a key ideal in the industrial world. As he managed his relations with others and his position within larger social networks, he made himself the “Father of Scientific Management.”


The Samuel C. Williams Library and the College of Arts and Letters at Stevens Institute of Technology are pleased to invite you to participate in our upcoming conference celebrating the achievements and legacy of Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), to be held on September 24-25, 2015.
Click the image for more information and to register!

Monday, August 31, 2015

Welcome Back!

Welcome to the Library for what’s sure to be a great year ahead!
Linda Beninghove, Library Director
For returning students, we hope you will notice the changes we have been making to the first floor, including new paint for our north wall, more desktop computers, and new computer tables.

We are pleased to announce the addition of new collaborative technology tools throughout the Library for the fall semester.  The Library and IT surveyed Stevens students about the types of tech they need to accomplish their course work in an effort to enhance the technology options available to students in the Library.  We concluded from the survey results to acquire new SMART kapp boards, mobile display/TV carts, mobile white boards, HP Elite displays, and fast, easy connections for the LG displays.  

We invite students, faculty, and staff to come to the Library and use the new collaborative tech tools. We would like to thank the Office of the President and the Office of Information Technology for their support in helping us to bring excellent tech tools to students in the Library.  If you have any questions, please see a Library staff member and we will be happy to help. We have many exciting plans for the 2015-2016 academic year!  

  • Please join us for the Library Open House on Wednesday, September 2 from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the Great Hall.  
  • We welcome you to register for the Taylor’s World Conference on Thursday, September 24 and Friday, September 25 which will focus on the legacy of Stevens alumnus Frederick Winslow Taylor, Class of 1883, who is considered the father of scientific management.  
  • We will be offering more workshops to help students learn to locate and critically evaluate information in our ever-changing, fast-paced world.  
  • We’re planning more exhibits and events - please check our blog frequently and connect with us through social media for announcements!

The Library is very interested in hearing what you have to say about library space, services, resources and we hope you will contact us with any questions or feedback you have about the Library.  Contact library@stevens.edu and we will get back to you!

Best wishes for a successful and happy academic year!

Linda Beninghove
Interim Library Director